Inventions by Muslims that Shaped the Modern World


“Many of the most significant advances in optics research have come from the Muslim world,” Hassani says. Ibn al-Haitham demonstrated around the year 1000 that humans see objects by light reflecting off of them and entering the eye, refuting Euclid and Ptolemy’s theories that light was emitted from the eye itself. The camera obscura phenomenon, which explains how the eye sees images upright due to the connection between the optic nerve and the brain, was also discovered by this great Muslim physicist.

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